San Telmo: The Barrio that Refuses to Sell Out

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A resident and senior citizen in San Telmo, Buenos Aires admiring the view from his French balcony.
Not selling out: A life-long San Telmo resident at home

San Telmo vies with nearby La Boca for the title of ‘the barrio that birthed the tango.’

While the birthright of tango may boil down to a technicality, lively San Telmo remains a focal point of the city’s tango and art scenes.

Buenos Aires’ most historic neighborhood has narrow cobblestone streets lined with resplendent, often crumbling buildings, family-owned bakeries, antiquated hardware stores, and an eclectic mix of bars, cafes and restaurants.

Fearless kids play soccer on the streets between traffic, cumbia and tango music waft onto the sidewalks, young couples kiss in doorways and cats lounge in windowsills. If there’s a game on, the screams can be heard every time the neighborhood’s favorite soccer team, La Boca scores a goal.

‘The Republic of San Telmo’ is chaotic, sometimes dirty and at once touristy in parts, but it is the neighborhood that elicits the deepest and most enduring affection for those visitors who get hooked.

Buenos Aires’ Neighborhood of Immigrants

The historic San Telmo market near the center of the neighborhood
The San Telmo market is the neighborhood’s traditional place to pick up fresh fruit and vegetables, used clothing and knick knacks.

Named after the Patron Saint of seafarers, San Pedro González Telmo, this area has a long history as Buenos Aires’ most culturally diverse neighborhood. In the 17th-century it was home to laborers arriving from Spain and Italy and later thousands of Irish, Russians, Poles, Germans and freed African slaves.

The 19th-century architecture throughout the neighborhood reveals the brief period when this was one of Buenos Aires’ wealthier districts. Improved infrastructure including sewer lines and gas lights installed in 1852 attracted the well-to-do who built the mansions that can still be seen today.

When a yellow fever epidemic that claimed the lives of thousands broke out here in 1871, wealthy residents moved north to lower-risk areas such as Recoleta.

Left empty, San Telmo’s mansions were divided up and rented to new immigrants that arrived during intense periods of immigration that lasted until after World War II. Today, the neighborhood is still home to struggling immigrants in low-rent tenements, and even a few remaining squats, but many among the newcomers are European and American travelers as well as students and artisans from all over South America.

The 'Republic of San Telmo' -- A map of the neighborhood

‘San Telmo Palermo’

A fancy dog hangs out in front of a new-age window display in the San Telmo neighborhood
A new vibe: San Telmo-Palermo

In recent years some residents have griped about what is described as the ‘Palermo-fication’ of San Telmo. The neighborhood of 26,000 residents is sprucing up in some areas — Latin America’s first five-star gay hotel has come and gone, as well sterile ice-cream chains, and boutique clothing shops that, it turns out, are still too high-priced for the neighborhood. A handful of ‘fashion sushi’ spots and ostentatious glass-paneled storefronts look out of place, but overall San Telmo stubbornly remains untamed.

One place where San Telmo’s transformation is welcome is the San Telmo Market where there is now a gourmet coffee-shop, french bakery and even a Pho joint.

Property prices for the historic buildings have skyrocketed in the last few years, but the neighborhood that claims to be the ‘refuge of friendship and happiness’ refuses to sell its soul.

Read more about San Telmo:

San Telmo Street Fair

San Telmo Fair Shopping Tips

The San Telmo Market

Take a tour of San Telmo

→ Check out Tango Shows & Tours in San Telmo

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