They say that Argentines are Italians who happen to speak Spanish. With several waves of immigrants arriving from the boot-shaped nation since Argentina won independence from Spain, it seems every second person here has an Italian surname, and of those who don’t, most will have an uncle or a grandmother hailing from Genoa, Sicily, Friuli or thereabouts. You can notice the family resemblance as you try to avoid the flailing arms of an animated conversation on any of the narrow sidewalks of downtown Buenos Aires.
These Italian descendants refer to themselves proudly as ‘tanos,’ Lunfardo slang for ‘Italianos.’
Argentina may have been colonized by the Spanish originally, but it is fair to say that the Italians had an equal, if not even greater influence, over many areas of Argentine life, such as politics, food, fashion and language.
Italian Influence on Argentine Spanish
Due to the fact that most arriving immigrants spoke regional dialects of Italian and found it just as easy to communicate in Spanish, Italian never truly became the country’s second language. Instead the local version of Spanish, Castellano, is spoken with a recognizably Italian flair.
Aside from borrowing many words, Argentine Castellano also takes its particular accent and rhythm from several Italian dialects. There are various examples of slightly bastardized Italian being used in everyday speech, such as the casual goodbye, ‘chau!’ that Argentines use, which is pronounced in the same way as the Italian ‘ciao!’ and has no relation whatsoever to traditional Spanish.
The similarity is particularly apparent in Buenos Aires, and especially in certain neighborhoods of the capital, where Italian communities established themselves in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In the portside neighborhood of La Boca, long-time residents use a local slang that borrows heavily from the Genoese dialect, as it was immigrants from Genoa who populated the neighborhood in its formative years. The lower class slang language of Lunfardo, which began as a kind of criminal cipher, is peppered with many words of obvious Italian origin and is now part of the popular vernacular.
So Italian you Can Taste It
Argentine cuisine is so deeply inspired by its Italian counterpart that it could almost be described as an offshoot. Sure, there exists a large quantity of excellent regional dishes to be found if you look hard enough, but day-to-day eating is dominated by a definite Italian flavor.
Pizza is popular worldwide, but in Argentina pizza eating is a national pastime. Argentina pizza is fairly close to the original Italian version, although it often has a slightly thicker, doughier base, and plenty of cheese. With pasta, it’s a similar story — whether eating at home or in a restaurant, Italian originals inspire all the standard local dishes. The most common of these are the basic Tuco (tomato sauce flavored with capsicum, basil, garlic, oregano and paprika) and its variations, as well as cream-based pastas with ingredients like mushrooms and bacon.
Another staple in Argentina, the milanesa (breaded veal cutlet) is often assumed by locals to be an original Argentine creation, although it does exist in many parts of the world, including Japan, the US, and the Middle East. Various theories abound about its origin, although it is likely that it was first prepared in Lombardy, Italy and spread from there.
Although this country may be more famous for its asados, on any given night most Argentine families are more likely to be chowing down on a meal that has its culinary roots in Italy.
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